(No. 1, Council House Street, Kolkata – 700 001.)
The Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence & Statistics (DGCI&S) is the premier organization of Govt. of India for collection, compilation and dissemination of India’s trade statistics and commercial information. This Directorate, with its office located at Kolkata, is headed by the Director General. It is entrusted with the work of collecting, compiling and publishing/disseminating trade statistics and various types of commercial information required by the policy makers, researchers, importers, exporters, traders as well as overseas buyers.
Data Receipt in DGCI&S
DGCI&S receives the basic data in the form of DTRs (Daily Trade Returns) from different Customs formations and the Special Economic Zones (SEZs) as a part of the administrative data generated whenever any international merchandise trade takes place. The Customs Authority transmits these DTRs in three different modes, namely, Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), Non-EDI and Manual. The EDI data is transmitted on-line daily through Indian Customs EDI Gateway (ICEGATE). From the remaining Ports the monthly merchandise trade data is transmitted through e-mail or CD or through manually typed/ hand written paper schedules. DTRs from the SEZs are being received through NSDL on a daily basis. DGCIS processes and compiles the raw data received using state-of-the-art technology.
Volume of Data & % contribution by Type of DTR 2010-11 to 2012-13
The number of records being processed in DGCI&S has been steadily increasing over the years. From 39 lakh records processed in 2000-01 the number has increased to 153 lakh in 2013-14. Till November 2014, more than 110 lakh records have already been processed. The number of records processed during the last 3 years, the distribution of records by type and the contribution of different types of transactions to the total value of trade is shown in the following 3 Tables:
Table: 1 Number of Records Processed 2012-13 to 2014-15
* Figures for 2014-15 are provisional
Table: 2 Percentage of Records Processed (2012-13 to 2014-15) by type of record
Table: 3 % Contribution of Different Types of Transactions to the value of trade (2012-13 to 2014-15)
Introduction of New Principal Commodity Groups
The work on revision of existing Commodity Groups based on which the Principal Commodity x Country level data is generated has been going on for quite some time. The idea behind this exercise was to ensure that data at a much more disaggregated level is available at the time of release of the Brochure. On the basis of comments and suggestions received from stakeholders, DGCI&S has introduced several new Principal Commodity groups for exports and imports at the Brochure level. The total number of Principal Commodity groups now stands at 168 in place of 92 for exports and 69 for imports. These additional Principal Commodity groups have been formed taking into account the panel-wise data that DGCI&S had been generating for the various sectors for use in the Department of Commerce as well requests for data that are frequently received in DGCI&S. Both exports and imports have the same PC groups. This will be of great help to the users of Foreign Trade data especially in calculation of indicators like terms of trade. The changes have been introduced from the previous financial year i.e. April 2014.
Foreign Trade Data Dissemination
The foreign trade data generated by the Directorate are disseminated through (i) Monthly Press Release brought out by the Department of Commerce in a fortnight’s time from the end of a month, (ii) Foreign Trade Statistics of India (Principal Commodities & Countries), (iii) Monthly Statistics of Foreign Trade of India giving detailed item level trade, and (iv) Quarterly Statistics of Foreign Trade of India by Countries. It also brings out an Assessment Report on India’s Foreign Trade by Air, every year. DGCIS has drastically reduced time-lag in all its releases and have made the data dissemination process more user-friendly based on the suggestions of its major stakeholders. The Principal commodity-wise data is now available within one month and the item level data within a period of two months.
Web based Module for on-line Data dissemination
DGCI&S has now put in place a web based module for on-line data dissemination “Foreign Trade Dissemination Portal (FDDP)” giving direct access to both the provisional and finalized data-set. Some of the features of the data dissemination software are as follows:
Senior officers in the DOC and DGFT have been provided user-id and password to access the Foreign Trade database. The facility has been extended to all Departments/Ministries in the Government of India as well as Indian Embassies and High Commissions.
Publication of Ancillary Statistics & Indian Trade Journal
DGCI&S also compiles and publishes on regular basis the Inland Trade Statistics covering inter-state movements of goods by rail, river and air, Statistics on India’s customs and excise revenue collections (according to the tariff heads), Shipping Statistics, Inland Coastal Trade Statistics and Selected Statistics of Foreign Trade of India. Indian Trade Journal, a weekly publication, is the premier publication of DGCI&S.
The Directorate has completed several pilot surveys on trade in health and education services. On the basis of recommendations of a Technical Group constituted by the Department of Commerce several pilot studies in the field of IT & ITeS, Telecom, Audiovisual, Professional Services and Logistics services are currently underway. A survey on wellness tourism has also been taken up in the state of Kerala in collaboration with the Centre for Development Studies, Trivandrum. These surveys are being conducted under the technical guidance of an expert committee constituted by the Central Statistics Office in the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation.
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24 Mar 2017)