Tea is grown in several regions in India, the main areas being concentrated in North East India, West Bengal and in and around the Nilgiris or the Blue Mountains in the South. By the end of the 19th century, India had emerged, with almost 192 million pounds of tea being exported, as a major exporter and had far outstripped other tea producing countries. Today India is the second largest producer of tea and the 4th largest tea exporter in the world. The world famous Indian teas are Darjeeling, Assam Nilgiri, Kangra, Munnar, Dooars- Terai and many more. Darjeeling is a registered Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) while Assam Orthodox Tea, Nilgiri Orthodox tea and Kangra Tea are registered Geographical Indications (GI). Tea is one of the oldest industries, which by an Act of Parliament comes under the control of the Union Govt. Government’s role in the sector had begun when, in 1903, the Indian Tea Cess Bill was enacted to levy a cess on tea exports - the proceeds of which were to be used for the promotion of Indian tea both within and outside India. The present Tea Board set up under section 4 of the Tea Act 1953 was constituted on 1st April 1954. It has succeeded the Central Tea Board and the Indian Tea Licencing Committee which functioned respectively under the Central Tea Board Act, 1949 and the Indian Tea Control Act, 1938 which were repealed. The activities of the two previous bodies had been confined largely to regulation of tea cultivation and export of tea as required by the International Tea Agreement then in force, and promotion of tea Consumption. The present Tea Board, has the responsibility of ensuring and fostering development of production & productivity of tea, research & development of quality, market promotion, and welfare of tea plantation workers. It also regulates the exporters, brokers, auction organisers and warehouse keepers of tea. The Tea Board consists of a Chairman and 30 other members who represent various categories and interests from industry, trade, growers, workers, consumers, 3 MPs, 6 representatives from state governments, and central government nominees. Headquartered in Kolkata, it has two Zonal offices, one each in the two major producing regions- Jorhat in Assam and Coonoor in Tamil Nadu, and fifteen regional offices spread over in major tea growing states. It has set up a Small Growers' Development Directorate, at Dibrugarh. Tea Board also has 3 trade promotion offices abroad in London, Dubai and Moscow. The Tea Board functions as an apex body concerned with overall development of the tea industry in India. It provides necessary assistance for research and developmental activities aimed at increasing production, productivity and quality; facilitation of trade and promotion of exports so as to ensure maximum returns to the producers, including small growers; safeguarding the interests of the workers and the consumers; gathering statistical and other relevant data concerning the industry and disseminating the information to various segments of the industry, and acts as the spokesperson on behalf of the tea industry to the Government, media, trade and general public. Address: Tea Board, 14, B.T.M. Sarani, Kolkata 700 001, Phone No. +91 33 2235 1331 Fax No. +91 33 22215715, E-mail: email@example.com , Website: www.teaboard.gov.in
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24 Mar 2017)