Implementation of KPCS in India
India's Annual Reports of KP
The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) requires each
participant to impose internal controls over production and trade of rough
diamonds. Trading in rough diamonds with a non-participant is not allowed. All
exports of rough diamonds have to be accompanied by a valid KP Certificate
stating that diamonds are conflict free. KPCS currently has 54 member states
including the European Community representing 28 member states. Thus, it has a
membership of 81 countries. All major diamond producing, trading and polishing
centres are members of KP. Civil Society and industry groups also actively
participate in the KP.
The UN General Assembly adopted Resolution 55/56 in December 2000
endorsing and legitimizing the Kimberley Process. The Security Council also
endorsed KPCS in its Resolution 1459 (20003). The Scheme was formally launched
at a Ministerial Meeting in Interlaken, Switzerland in November 2002. The
participants agreed to begin a simultaneous implementation of the Certificate
Scheme in January 2003.
India is one of the founding members of KPCS and was the Chair of
the KPCS in the year 2008.